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High-Resolution Breast Cancer Screening with Multi-View Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

Abstract · Mar 21, 2017 04:11 ·

cs-cv cs-lg stat-ml

Arxiv Abstract

  • Krzysztof J. Geras
  • Stacey Wolfson
  • S. Gene Kim
  • Linda Moy
  • Kyunghyun Cho

Recent advances in deep learning for object recognition in natural images has prompted a surge of interest in applying a similar set of techniques to medical images. Most of the initial attempts largely focused on replacing the input to such a deep convolutional neural network from a natural image to a medical image. This, however, does not take into consideration the fundamental differences between these two types of data. More specifically, detection or recognition of an anomaly in medical images depends significantly on fine details, unlike object recognition in natural images where coarser, more global structures matter more. This difference makes it inadequate to use the existing deep convolutional neural networks architectures, which were developed for natural images, because they rely on heavily downsampling an image to a much lower resolution to reduce the memory requirements. This hides details necessary to make accurate predictions for medical images. Furthermore, a single exam in medical imaging often comes with a set of different views which must be seamlessly fused in order to reach a correct conclusion. In our work, we propose to use a multi-view deep convolutional neural network that handles a set of more than one high-resolution medical image. We evaluate this network on large-scale mammography-based breast cancer screening (BI-RADS prediction) using 103 thousand images. We focus on investigating the impact of training set sizes and image sizes on the prediction accuracy. Our results highlight that performance clearly increases with the size of training set, and that the best performance can only be achieved using the images in the original resolution. This suggests the future direction of medical imaging research using deep neural networks is to utilize as much data as possible with the least amount of potentially harmful preprocessing.

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