arxivst stuff from arxiv that you should probably bookmark

Radiomics strategies for risk assessment of tumour failure in head-and-neck cancer

Abstract · Mar 24, 2017 17:14 ·

cs-cv

Arxiv Abstract

  • Martin Vallières
  • Emily Kay-Rivest
  • Léo Jean Perrin
  • Xavier Liem
  • Christophe Furstoss
  • Hugo J. W. L. Aerts
  • Nader Khaouam
  • Phuc Felix Nguyen-Tan
  • Chang-Shu Wang
  • Khalil Sultanem
  • Jan Seuntjens
  • Issam El Naqa

Quantitative extraction of high-dimensional mineable data from medical images is a process known as radiomics. Radiomics is foreseen as an essential prognostic tool for cancer risk assessment and the quantification of intratumoural heterogeneity. In this work, 1615 radiomic features (quantifying tumour image intensity, shape, texture) extracted from pre-treatment FDG-PET and CT images of 300 patients from four different cohorts were analyzed for the risk assessment of locoregional recurrences (LR) and distant metastases (DM) in head-and-neck cancer. Prediction models combining radiomic and clinical variables were constructed via random forests and imbalance-adjustment strategies using two of the four cohorts. Independent validation of the prediction and prognostic performance of the models was carried out on the other two cohorts (LR: AUC = 0.69 and CI = 0.67; DM: AUC = 0.86 and CI = 0.88). Furthermore, the results obtained via Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated the potential of radiomics for assessing the risk of specific tumour outcomes using multiple stratification groups. This could have important clinical impact, notably by allowing for a better personalization of chemo-radiation treatments for head-and-neck cancer patients from different risk groups.

Read the paper (pdf) »