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Second-order Temporal Pooling for Action Recognition

Abstract · Apr 23, 2017 14:10 ·

versus washing max predictions slicing pooling video statistic action cs-cv

Arxiv Abstract

  • Anoop Cherian
  • Stephen Gould

Most successful deep learning models for action recognition generate predictions for short video clips, which are later aggregated into a longer time-frame action descriptor by computing a statistic over these predictions. Zeroth (max) or first order (average) statistic are commonly used. In this paper, we explore the benefits of using second-order statistics. Specifically, we propose a novel end-to-end learnable action pooling scheme, temporal correlation pooling, that generates an action descriptor for a video sequence by capturing the similarities between the temporal evolution of per-frame CNN features across the video. Such a descriptor, while being computationally cheap, also naturally encodes the co-activations of multiple CNN features, thereby providing a richer characterization of actions than their first-order counterparts. We also propose higher-order extensions of this scheme by computing correlations after embedding the CNN features in a reproducing kernel Hilbert space. We provide experiments on four standard and fine-grained action recognition datasets. Our results clearly demonstrate the advantages of higher-order pooling schemes, achieving state-of-the-art performance.

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